This article aims to show that the impact of human activities on the ecosystem, measured by the Ecological Footprint, depends on the   qualitative and quantitative aspects of the population. Indeed, we confirmed our hypothesis by an empirical analysis on Tunisia, where it was revealed that the increase in its Ecological Footprint, is attributed mainly to massive consumption of goods, bad land management by building horizontal, and to a lesser extent, to the presence of polluting employments. The results suggest the adoption of targeted policies, according to the specific characteristics of population.
ecological footprint, biocapacity, qualitative effect, quantitative effect, environment, Tunisia
C13, Q26, Q51