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Studies and researches
Vol. 13 Issue 2 - 12/2021
Stakeholders’ Perception on the Social Burden of Cancer: Evidence from Romania
This paper aims to identify the perspective of multiple stakeholders on the socio-economic burden of cancer in Romania. The Romanian health system is among the poorest in the European Union and cancer patients are among the most vulnerable. They do not only face difficulties in accessing diagnosis and treatment, but they encounter obstacles on the labour market due to the lack of support from the authorities and business environment. Using a qualitative approach (focus group) different categories of stakeholders have been investigated: patient associations, practitioners (physicians), academics and labour market representatives. Six recurrent themes occurred from the analysis of these stakeholders’ perspectives: lack of data, financial toxicity of cancer caused by the burden of the “out of the pocket money”, healthcare insufficient resources (material and human), lack of interest in the patient needs, inconsistent and inefficient legal framework, and systemic deficiencies of the Romanian society. The results are important for policy makers in order to design a proper Cancer Policy in Romania. Read more
Keywords:
stakeholders, social burden of cancer, cancer policy, Romania

JEL:
I18, I13
Studies and researches
Vol. 13 Issue 2 - 12/2021
An Economic Crisis “State of Shock”: An Empirical Analysis of the Greek Economy
The International Financial Crisis of 2008 (IFC), and the austerity programs imposed in Greece, hit particularly the already weak Greek economy; despite the crucial fact that the latter suffered severe structural, deficit and, debt problems over the relevant past decades, even before the IFC explosion. Through a structured questionnaire, distributed to 348 students at the International Hellenic University (IHU) and their parents, we investigate how the crisis affected their salary and their working conditions, as well as how respondents evaluate the measures imposed by the “Troika”. Our research findings are of particular interest. More than three out of four respondents, support the view of Naomi Klein that a society in deep crisis is in a “State of Shock”, unable to react, and Greece is such a case. Respondents tend to believe that the pursued policies are forms of psychological violence-pressure, aimed at the disorientation of people, who are willing to work under worse working conditions. Read more
Keywords:
International Financial crisis, Greece, Shock Therapy, statistical analysis

JEL:
O52, G01, R11, C10
Studies and researches
Vol. 13 Issue 2 - 12/2021
Investigating the Decision Process of Artwork Acquisition Before and During the COVID Pandemic
Art influences our lives and society. The forms acquired by art have evolved, making art a part of our everyday life. Before the second half of the 19th century, music and stories could only be heard live and seldom, but today it is difficult to imagine a day without them. With the increasing complexity of art forms, the complexity of artwork acquisition decision-making process has also increased. Personal choice is influenced by factors like the availability of artworks, the relationship between intermediaries and art producers, the economic and cultural contexts. This paper analyses the selection criteria of artworks from the perspective of art consumers. The analysed data were obtained through a survey with two waves carried out in the period preceding the COVID-19 pandemic and during the pandemic. The results show that the most important criterion in choosing an artwork is the subjective connexion that is created between the consumer and the artwork, and that this connexion is defined mainly by the emotions and feelings the artwork generates. Read more
Keywords:
artwork, decision-making, artwork acquisition, coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic

JEL:
M31, A13
Studies and researches
Vol. 13 Issue 2 - 12/2021
Energy Consumption in Assessment of Shadow Economy
The article deals with study of the relationship between energy consumption and the level of the shadow economy. Based on the comparison of average rates of renewable energy consumption and the shadow economy per capita of EU countries and Ukraine for the period 2005–2016, the authors distinguish clusters of countries by the nature and direction of the relationship between the analyzed indices. The study of these relationships is based on the linear relationship concept between the shadow economy and energy consumption. The EU countries and Ukraine are identified as the statistical base of the study and the assessment period is 2005–2016. The results confirm the hypothesis of the shadow economic activity impact on energy consumption and prove their dependence on the scientific and technological progress in the country. All indices are statistically significant at the level of 1% and 5% and 10% respectively. This research let the authors conclude that it is necessary to take into account the energy consumption volumes in the process of estimating the shadow economy under the influence of innovative technologies and processes. Empirical calculations have proved the high level of the shadow economy in the vast majority of European Union countries, the average value of which is 22%. Read more
Keywords:
sustainable development, shadow economy, energy consumption, money laundering

JEL:
E60, C23, E63
Studies and researches
Vol. 13 Issue 2 - 12/2021
The Technology Acceptance Model and Learning Management System: A Study on Undergraduate Tourism and Hospitality Students
The roles of educational online tools are very prevalent in the current time due to the advancement in technology, digital transformation, and the better speed of the internet. The digital platform is the most preferable and convenient platform to support advanced educational practices. Being a prominent study tool to manage the lectures, study materials, assignments and other necessary elements related to academics, the learning management system (LMS) has been implemented in most institutions, especially after the lockdown amid the COVID-19, pandemic. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the level of acceptance of the LMS in the North Indian regions of Punjab, Himachal Pradesh, and Haryana with the adoption of the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) framework. To check the hypotheses (framed as per the TAM model), the structural equation model (SEM) has been applied which reveals that the acceptance level and the adoption of the LMS system is quite low across the chosen population. The complexity and the novelty of technology in addition to the alternative options of LMS can be the reason for the lower level of acceptance and adoption. The exact reason for the lower level of adoption can be explicitly understood from future research. Read more
Keywords:
technology acceptance model (TAM), learning management system (LMS), online education, online learning platform, COVID-19

JEL:
I23, O39
EJIS is published under the research grant no. 91-058/2007 The Development of Interdisciplinary Academic Research Aimed at Enhancing the Romanian Universities International Competitiveness, coordinated by the Bucharest Academy of Economic Studies and financed by CNMP Romania.
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