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Studies and researches
Vol. 7 Issue 1 - 6/2015
European Welfare State in a Historical Perspective. A Critical Review
This paper provides an analysis of the historical evolution of the European welfare state, especially after the second half of the nineteenth century. Even if one considers that social protection systems have their origins in the period of German Chancellor Otto von Bismarck, various social problems have been treated in European countries before the Bismarck’s social legislation, beginning with the sixteenth century. In this article we presented mainly (i) the origins of social policy systems in Europe, as shown in the literature covered, (ii) the conceptual evolution of the so-called “welfare state” and (iii) the development of social security schemes based on International Labour Organization typology. Read more
Keywords:
welfare state, social policy, social security schemes

JEL:
N00, H00, H53
Studies and researches
Vol. 10 Issue 2 - 12/2018
Young Romanians: Entrepreneurs in their Home Country?
As outward migration and brain drain reach record numbers in Romania, we explore the pull factors that might contribute to a reversal. This paper presents the findings of the first large scale survey on the entrepreneurial intentions of the Romanian Diaspora. We have specifically targeted the category of graduates and young professionals as having the highest flexibility to relocate. The findings of our survey show a large inclination to start a business venture in the home country (79%). The main field in which the young Romanian Diaspora would be interested to develop an entrepreneurial project is IT&C (35.67%). We compare those findings with those from a domestic survey targeting the same age group, and find little differences in preferences, suggesting that country of residence is not a significant differentiating factor in the decision to start a business. The main perceived impediment for entrepreneurship in Romania is still excessive bureaucracy (76.03%). The reverse migration patterns are important for any developing economy in the world, as the case of Romania shows, where the return of the 200,000 Romanians (5%) could (gradually) contribute on the medium term with more than 11.5 billion euro to the country’s GDP. Read more
Keywords:
entrepreneurship, Romania, Diaspora, outward migration, EU funding

JEL:
O15, M20, D84
EJIS is published under the research grant no. 91-058/2007 The Development of Interdisciplinary Academic Research Aimed at Enhancing the Romanian Universities International Competitiveness, coordinated by the Bucharest Academy of Economic Studies and financed by CNMP Romania.
The Call for Papers is:

OPEN

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