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Studies and researches
Vol. 10 Issue 1 - 6/2018
Performance Dissimilarities in the Activity of Foreign and Romanian-Owned Companies: What Lessons to be Learned?
Our paper addresses the activity of the foreign-capital controlled companies versus domestic companies in Romania, in order to highlight the differences in performance between the two categories of firms, given the increased importance of foreign-owned companies in the Romanian economy in recent years. The research and analysis are based on data available from Eurostat FATS - Foreign Affiliates Statistics. The comparative analysis of performance between foreign-owned and Romanian-owned companies is carried out for the period 2008-2014 on two levels: (i) The total performance of foreign-owned and Romanian-owned companies; (ii) The determination of the “average”-sized foreign-owned and Romanian-owned company attributes. Our main findings show that foreign-owned companies generate higher cash flows that are essential for business development, backed up by a higher value of production, higher turnover and higher gross operating profits, despite a higher number of employees and higher personnel costs compared to Romanian-owned companies. At the same time, Romanian-owned companies claim higher profitability ratios due to their reduced dimensions. Read more
Keywords:
performance, foreign-owned companies, Romanian-owned companies, foreign direct investment

JEL:
F23, L25, O10
Studies and researches
Vol. 10 Issue 1 - 6/2018
The Impact of Intermodal Connectivity of Transport Networks on Net Exports in the European Union Member States
In this paper we propose to evaluate the impact of intermodal connectivity of transport infrastructure on net exports in the European Union. In this context, we will test the hypothesis that the intermodal capacity development has the effect of increasing net exports. The impact assessment pursues two objectives: quantifying the extent to which intermodal connections help the balancing of net exports of European states and identifying the areas where infrastructural deficit has an impact on trade deficit in order to prioritize the infrastructure development interconnections. The volume of net exports is influenced by the degree of interconnection of transport infrastructure, which gives the intermodal nodes the role of cohesion agents at the community level. On the other hand, the integration into the global economy fosters improvements in net trade, fact revealed by the correlation between the KOF Index of globalization and the values of net exports. Read more
Keywords:
transport infrastructure, intermodal connectivity, net exports, European Union

JEL:
F14, O18, R41
Studies and researches
Vol. 10 Issue 1 - 6/2018
Prospects of Effective Management of Dementia for Ukraine: Learning from International Experience
Despite the scale of the spread and economic impact of dementia on families, caregivers and the community as a whole, the disease of dementia is either not discussed at all or is not a priority in low-economic countries. The purpose of this study is to attract attention of policy and decision makers to dementia problems in Ukraine to facilitate developing systems of health care and social care for people living with dementia and their caregivers. It is one of the first attempts to look at the problem of dementia in Ukraine from the public administration point of view in different aspects and directions, as well as an attempt to initiate a professional discussion with policy and decision makers on issues of developing and implementing a strategy for people living with dementia and their families. Since Ukraine is not yet on the list of the countries which joined the global program of counteracting dementia and this problem is not relevant to Ukraine , we tried to make a short comparative analysis of Ukraine with countries for which dementia is one of the national priorities (France, the Netherlands, the USA, the UK, Norway and Australia). Read more
Keywords:
mental health, health policy, disease prevention, organisation of health care, health statistics

JEL:
H75, H51
Studies and researches
Vol. 10 Issue 1 - 6/2018
Comparative Analysis of Modern Methods of Psychotherapy for Patients with Borderline Personality Disorder
This literature review aims to evaluate the evidence in the extant literature of practical and evidence-based psychotherapy methods for overcoming personality disorders and to compare them with one another. For a systematic review, we used the following databases: ScienceDirect, ResearchGate, Cochrane, PsyNet, CrossRef, PubMed. As a result, 33 articles were selected. Dialectic Behavioral Therapy (DBT), Mentalization-based Therapy (MBT) and Schema-focused Therapy (SFT) have better evidence-based efficacy in the context of therapeutic effects on reducing the severity of diagnostic criteria and comorbid states. In the context of application in an outpatient setting the highest positive effect and compliances are demonstrated by DBT and SFT. The majority of trials of DBT and TFP showed the effectiveness of psychotherapy with a treatment duration of at least 12 months. The longest term without recurrence of comorbid states and drop out (36 months) was observed with the use of Transfer-focused Psychotherapy (TFP) and SFT, which in the context of the long-term therapeutic effect may give people benefits along with other therapies. The present review shows initial evidence that long-term psychotherapy can be a useful and evidence-based intervention for people with borderline personality disorder. These results provide promising evidence to support people who suffer from a personality disorder. DBT, MBT, and SFT can be proposed as methods of the first line as a nonpharmacological intervention. Read more
Keywords:
psychiatry, psychology, mental health, mental illness, personality

JEL:
I12
Studies and researches
Vol. 10 Issue 1 - 6/2018
“Destructive Communications” as a Factor of Threat to Pedagogical Employees’ Occupational Health
The article analyzes the results of a complex study on psychological prevention of threat to the health of the subjects in educational space. The main professional threats to the pedagogical employees' health in the educational organizations are analyzed by the parameter of information and communications in the structure of educational organization. It's emphasized that long-lasting discomfort in professional communications determines the exhaustion of organism’s resources and changes of central coordinative mechanisms that lead to the restriction of the organism's adaptive abilities and after becomes the precondition for the development of different illnesses. A number of factors, including signs of communicative discomfort, can be treated as potentially possible threats for pedagogue's occupational health, are identified: criticism, especially unjustified, communicated in rude, humbling or mocking manner; mobbing (infliction of emotional distress at the working-place); negative forms of professional communications (problematic relationships with colleagues, parents, students, barriers in professional communication, unjustified aggression among collective members, internal group favouritism, gossiping etc.); conflicts in professional environment; authoritarianism (lack of tact and temperance, excessive self-confidence, willingness to dominate etc.); intensive everyday stress; “inadequate” management style; envy among the collective members. Read more
Keywords:
communicative discomfort, destructive communications, threat of occupational health, mobbing, conflicts in a professional environment

EJIS is published under the research grant no. 91-058/2007 The Development of Interdisciplinary Academic Research Aimed at Enhancing the Romanian Universities International Competitiveness, coordinated by the Bucharest Academy of Economic Studies and financed by CNMP Romania.
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