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Studies and researches
Vol. 1 Issue 1 - 12/2009
Interdisciplinary Research in Action. The Case of the University “Constantin Brancoveanu” of Piteşti

This paper positions interdisciplinarity as an integral feature of contemporary scientific research, stressing its role and the necessity to overcome possible barriers related to organizational and institutional constraints, team integration imperatives or disciplinary boundaries. At the same time, the study makes an inventory of European and Romanian opportunities in interdisciplinary research, especially under the Seventh Framework Programme for Research. As a case study, the paper introduces the interdisciplinary project carried out by Constantin Brancoveanu University in Pitesti to draw Pitesti City Development Strategy for 2007-2013. All disciplines involved are presented through their interactions in the project, with a special attention given to repeated and constant attractions between specializations. The final conclusion is that Management plays a core role in any type of interdisciplinary project, acting as facilitator of teams’ integration. Therefore, interdisciplinarity could work only where the practice of collaboration is nourished by the leader of the team, using specialized managerial integration tools.

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Keywords:
interdisciplinarity, team integration, research projects

JEL:
A1, O3, Y8, Z1
Studies and researches
Vol. 3 Issue 2 - 12/2011
Knowledge Circulation between Universities, Public Research Organizations and Business in the EU 27. Drivers, Barriers, Actions to be put Forward

The purpose of this study is to explore different patterns of knowledge circulation between universities, public research organizations (PROs) and businesses in the EU27. To this end, a Knowledge circulation index was created based on funding flows (business funded R&D in higher education and government sectors), co-operation-based innovation indicators, bibliometric data and patent statistics. The results have confirmed a leading position for Finland, Netherlands, Denmark, Belgium, the UK and Slovenia, countries with a long tradition in knowledge transfer, but with a sustainable base for networks and links between all innovation actors. The paper advances some future paths to action, such as rising up SMEs’ profile in knowledge circulation, finding the best coordination matrix for already existent support network or finding solutions to reduce the strong dependence on public and EU funding.

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Keywords:
knowledge circulation, EU27, composite indicator, Erawatch R&D profiles

JEL:
O3
Studies and researches
Vol. 4 Issue 2 - 12/2012
Best Practices in Universities’ Regional Engagement. Towards Smart Specialisation
The aim of this paper is to highlight universities’ contribution to the success of innovation systems in Europe’s most innovative regions, as determined by the recently published European Regional Innovation Scoreboard (RIS). To this end, the study relies on two indicators used by the RIS, namely the percent of innovative enterprises collaborating with others and the number of public – private co-publications. Furthermore, the study looks for qualitative evidence in secondary sources and highlights some important drivers behind the success of Europe’s top regions for cooperative research and networks. The results show that most of the innovation programmes in these regions focus on cooperation and on triple helix partnerships and involve frequent interactions between universities, businesses, policy-makers and innovation intermediaries. With a view to the future, universities are expected to bring their contribution to regional smart specialisation and act as intermediary bodies for the implementation of several delivery instruments, thus drawing from the best practice cases presented within this paper. Read more
Keywords:
universities’ regional engagement, EU Regional Innovation Scoreboard, best practices, smart specialisation

JEL:
I23, O38
EJIS is published under the research grant no. 91-058/2007 The Development of Interdisciplinary Academic Research Aimed at Enhancing the Romanian Universities International Competitiveness, coordinated by the Bucharest Academy of Economic Studies and financed by CNMP Romania.
The Call for Papers is:

OPEN

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